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[转载]海啸避难守则(Tsunami Safety Rules )   

2012-04-25 00:02:56|  分类: 〉万一 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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本文作者:小红猪小分队

【图片出处:http://www.chicagonow.com/art-talk-chicago/2011/03/art-newsnews-art-tsunami-art/

译者:绵羊c

A strong earthquake felt in a low-lying coastal area is a natural warning of possible, immediate danger. Keep calm and quickly move to higher ground away from the coast.

发生在低洼海岸地区且震感强烈的地震通常预示着海啸很快会来临。这时要保持冷静并且快速离开海岸向高处移动。

All large earthquakes do not cause tsunamis, but many do. If the quake is located near or directly under the ocean, the probability of a tsunami increases. When you hear that an earthquake has occurred in the ocean or coastline regions, prepare for a tsunami emergency.

大地震并非一定会造成海啸,但造成海啸的几率很大。如果震中接近甚至就在海底,海啸发生的几率将更大。因此当你听到某片海域或海岸发生地震的消息,就要准备随时撤离避开海啸。

Tsunamis can occur at any time, day or night. They can travel up rivers and streams that lead to the ocean.

海啸可能发生在任何时段,无论白天夜里。它们甚至可以从入海口逆流而上冲进河流。

A tsunami is not a single wave, but a series of waves. Stay out of danger until an "ALL CLEAR" is issued by a competent authority.

海啸并不是只有一个大浪,而是由一连串大浪组成。所以除非看到官方发布“安全”标示,千万不要误以为海啸已经过去而接近危险区域。

Approaching tsunamis are sometimes heralded by noticeable rise or fall of coastal waters. This is nature's tsunami warning and should be heeded.

有些海啸发生前,海岸线的水位会明显大涨或后退。这是海啸即来的一个标志性信号,务必注意。

Approaching large tsunamis are usually accompanied by a loud roar that sounds like a train or aircraft. If a tsunami arrives at night when you can not see the ocean, this is also nature's tsunami warning and should be heeded.

大海啸在逼近海岸时常伴有类似火车或飞机发出的巨大轰鸣声。海啸若是在夜里到来,人们无法看到海面的情况,这轰鸣声就是重要的警报,务必注意。

A small tsunami at one beach can be a giant a few miles away. Do not let modest size of one make you lose respect for all.

在这个海岸的小海啸,很可能到了几公里以外就会变成大海啸。千万不要因为海啸暂时看起来并不剧烈而放松警惕。

Sooner or later, tsunamis visit every coastline in the Pacific. All tsunamis - like hurricanes - are potentially dangerous even though they may not damage every coastline they strike.

太平洋的每处海岸都会受到海啸侵袭。正如飓风一样,所有的海啸都具备潜在的危险性需要小心提防,尽管并不是每次海啸都会对所袭击的海岸造成破坏。

Never go down to the beach to watch for a tsunami!

千万不要去海岸观赏海啸!

WHEN YOU CAN SEE THE WAVE YOU ARE TOO CLOSE TO ESCAPE.

当你能够看见巨浪时,就意味着你已经不够时间撤离了。

Tsunamis can move faster than a person can run!

海啸的移动速度比人的跑步速度快得多!

During a tsunami emergency, your local emergency management office, police, fire and other emergency organizations will try to save your life. Give them your fullest cooperation.

在海啸警报发出时,你所在地的应急管理办公室、警察、消防队和其他应急组织都会来对你进行救助。全力配合他们的行动。

Homes and other buildings located in low lying coastal areas are not safe. Do NOT stay in such buildings if there is a tsunami warning.

位于低洼地区的住宅和其他建筑都不安全。当海啸警报发出时不要呆在这样的建筑物中。

The upper floors of high, multi-story, reinforced concrete hotels can provide refuge if there is no time to quickly move inland or to higher ground.

如果不够时间向内陆或高处撤离,去寻找钢筋混凝土结构的多层酒店,酒店的较高楼层可以暂时充当避难场所。

If you are on a boat or ship and there is time, move your vessel to deeper water (at least 100 fathoms). If it is the case that there is concurrent severe weather, it may may safer to leave the boat at the pier and physically move to higher ground.

海啸来临时如果你正在船上并且时间充足,将船只移动到较深的水域(至少200米)。如果当时天气状况非常恶劣,那么把船留在码头自己向高处移动会更安全。

Damaging wave activity and unpredictable currents can effect harbor conditions for a period of time after the tsunami's initial impact. Be sure conditions are safe before you return your boat or ship to the harbor.

海啸过去之后的一段时间内,具有破坏性的海浪和难以预测的海流依然能够影响到港口的安全性。因此在驾船回到港口之前务必确认这个港口已经安全了。

Stay tuned to your local radio, marine radio, NOAA Weather Radio, or television stations during a tsunami emergency - bulletins issued through your local emergency management office and National Weather Service offices can save your life.

海啸发生时跟踪收听当地的广播、海事广播、美国国家海洋和大气管理局(NOAA)的天气广播或电视上的报道——当地的应急管理办公室和美国国家气象局发布的新闻快报很可能会救你一命。

海啸避难守则(Tsunami Safety Rules ) - 科学松鼠会 - 科学松鼠会
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